What is a Trademark in IRAN?

IRAN joined WIPO  in 2002. A trademark can be any word, phrase, symbol, design, or a combination of these things that identifies your goods or services. It’s how customers recognize you in the marketplace and distinguish you from your competitors.
Using the trademark symbols TM, SM, and ® Every time you use your trademark, you can use a symbol with it. The symbol lets consumers and competitors know you’re claiming the trademark as yours. You can use “TM” for goods or “SM” for services even if you haven’t filed an application to register your trademark.
Once you register your trademark with us, use an ® with the trademark. You may use the registration symbol anywhere around the trademark, although most trademark owners use the symbol in a superscript or subscript manner to the right of the trademark. You may only use the registration symbol with the trademark for the goods or services listed in the federal trademark registration.

A Trademark cannot be registered in the following cases:

A) Not being able to distinguish the goods or services of one institution from the goods and services of another institution.
B) It is against Sharia standards or public order or good morals.
C) To mislead commercial or public centers, especially about the geographical origin of goods or services or their characteristics.
D) Imitation or imitation of military insignia, flags, or other state insignia or name or abbreviation or initials of an official name or insignia belonging to the country, international organizations or organizations established under international conventions, or the aforementioned items are one of the components It is a trademark, unless permission to use it is issued by the competent authority of the relevant country or relevant organization.
E) It is identical or misleadingly similar or a translation of a mark or brand name that is known for the same goods or similar services belonging to another institution in Iran.
F) The same or similar has already been registered and famous for dissimilar services, provided that there is usually a connection between the use of the trademark and the owner of the well-known trademark, and its registration will harm the interests of the owner of the previous trademark.
G) It is the same trademark that has already been registered in the name of another owner, or the date of the application for its registration is earlier, or has the right of priority for the same.